About Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Research

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Research

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) is a birth defect that occurs when the diaphragm does not fully form, allowing organs to enter the chest cavity preventing lung growth. CDH strikes 1 in every 2500 babies1, of all races, religious backgrounds, and financial status – no matter how well the prenatal care.

Nearly 4 million babies are born in the United States each year. This means that approximately 1600 babies are born with CDH each year – in the U.S. alone! There are more babies born with CDH than with Cystic Fibrosis (1 in 3900) and it’s almost as common as Spina Bifida (7 in 10,000) 2 – yet, you probably have never heard of it until it affected someone that you love. CHERUBS is working hard to raise Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Awareness!3

The cause of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia is not yet known.

50% of babies born with CDH do not survive and sometimes the remaining 50% have to overcome very difficult medical complications. Many CDH babies have minor lasting health problems such as feeding aversions, asthma, scoliosis, or short-term oxygen dependency. A small number have major lasting health problems such as ventilator dependency, brain damage, or hearing problems. Many patients have no long-lasting medical problems at all other than a scar from the CDH repair. CDH can occur alone or with other birth defects, and rarely, it occurs as part of a syndrome.

Every CDH baby is different, there is no way to predict the outcome of any patient. Some babies with no diaphragm and little lung growth have survived, while some babies with full lungs do not. These children are very different, requiring different treatments, and varying amounts of medical support.

Looking for support dealing with Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia? Make sure to visit CHERUBS – The Association of Congenital DIaphragmatic Hernia Research, Awareness and Support

Like the CDH logo or want to purchase some CDH Awareness items? Make sure to visit CHERUBS Store where you can buy 100’s of items with the Official Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia Awareness Ribbon, the CDH logo, the CDH Anatomy shirt and much more.


1 CDH strikes 1 in every 2500 babies

A population-based study of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. – Torfs CP, Curry CJ, Bateson TF, Honoré LH.
California Birth Defects Monitoring Program, Emeryville 94608.

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia; Prem Puri; Current Problems in Surgery; Volume XXI Number 10 October 1994

Medical Research Society; Communications for the Spring Meeting of the Medical Research Society, held in conjunction with the Academy of Medical Sciences and the Royal College of Physicians, London on 28th February 2005 at the Royal College of Physicians, London.

2 There are more babies born with CDH than with Cystic Fibrosis (1 in 3900) and it’s almost as common as Spina Bifida (7 in 10,000) Alder Hey Doctors Leading the Way on Child Health; Royal Liverpool Children’s NHS Trust; 2001

Royal Liverpool Children’s NHS Trust – Alder Hey; Research Board Meeeting; Royal Liverpool Children’s NHS Trust; 2004

Improving lung growth in babies before birth – Edwin Jesudason , Academy of Medical Sciences, Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, Liverpool ; 2003

Fog2 Is Required for Normal Diaphragm and Lung Development in Mice and Humans -Kate G Ackerman, Bruce J Herron, Sara O Vargas, Hailu Huang, Sergei G Tevosian, Lazaros Kochilas, Cherie Rao, Barbara R Pober, Randal P Babiuk, Jonathan A Epstein, John J Greer, and David R Beier

Fetal Surgery for Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: The North American Experience Darrell L. Cass MD
Texas Center for Fetal Surgery, Texas Children’s Hospital and the Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, and Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX.

Small lungs and suspect smooth muscle: congenital diaphragmatic hernia and the smooth muscle hypothesis. – Jesudason EC.
Department of Paediatric Surgery, Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, Division of Child Health, School of Reproductive and Developmental Medicine, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Congenital diaphragmatic defects and associated syndromes, malformations, and chromosome anomalies: A retrospective study of 60 patients and literature reviewGregory M. Enns, Victoria A. Cox, Ruth B. Goldstein , David L. Gibbs , Michael R. Harrison , Mahin Golabi
Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, California
Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco, California
Fetal Treatment Center, University of California, San Francisco, California

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